Our previous article listed the names of five most developed cities of Nepal. But we all know Nepal comprises of undeveloped regions more than developed ones. There are people who live below the poverty line, there are many villages where even the basic means of living is not available. People live in absence of electricity, transportation facility and even basic health care. Therefore n the article we are talking about five least developed places in Nepal. People in this area are forced to live in absence of basic requirements for living .
Oklah Dhunga is the first name in this list. It is by far the most back warded district of Nepal. It has population of only 3761 . The name of this district was derived from Okhal which means grinding stone, a large grinding stone is present in its headquarter and that’s how it got its name.
Despite living in extreme poverty, Okhaldhunga gave birth to many brave citizens. It is known as the ‘District of Martyrs’. In the People’s movement in 2007 for democracy ,more than 56 people died from Okhaldhunga.
Despite being very beautiful and naturally gifted, it is surprising why Okhaldhunga is still so back warded. The district has excellent view of Sagaramatha, Kanchenjanga, Gaurishankar, Tholedemba, Taklung, Rawadelu and many others mountains. The sparkling springs Pokali, Lipu, Patle, Sepli, Dhikure and more are the gem of the district. If government does proper management, this city can develop as a tourist destination. The district also has tremendous potential in slate production. There are many slate ores present in the hills Khiji Khijee, Ragani and Dandapakha of Okhaldhunga.
If Government puts focus on that, the slate can be extracted, processed and sold . This will be economic achievement not only for Okhaldhunga but nation as a whole . Also despite having huge potential in copper and iron industries, Okhladhunga is very much back warded. People make their living by agriculture and few products they produce with traditional farming method. Agriculture is also another potential in Okhaldhunga so, if the farmers get good training and learn to produce cash crops like tea, coffee, cardamom, then for sure their living standards can be raised.
Nowadays few people are doing that but still it lacks proper management skills and they have not been able to make the most of it.
Solukhumbu is another very undeveloped district of Nepal. It lies in Kirat Province of eastern Nepal and Limbu, Bhotes, Gurungs and other ethnic groups reside in the area. The name of the district came from the sub regions it consists of ie Solu and Khumbu.
Solukhumbu lies in province number one as per new federal system .The district has total area of of 3,312 km square and as per census 2011 the population of the district is 105886. But in 2020, the population sure has declined because of it state and condition many people have already left the place and only few very poor families live in this region these days. And those remaining also mostly reside in the head quarter Salleeri and the other part are almost empty.
It is shame that the district that is home to The highest peak of world, Mount Everest itself is so far in terms of development. Tourism is one of the main economic activity in this area. Since Mount Everest lies in this district, many tourist arrive the district every year and that is how people make living there. Agriculture is not very favorable for Solukhumbu as per its climate. It is always cold and in winter it disrupts many normal activities.
Another very remote district in Nepal is Sankhuwasabha District . It also lies in the himalayan region and borders the Solukhumbu. Being in himalayan region, the infrastructures including transportation are very less developed in this district. This has made living very difficult in these regions. Sankhuwasabha has total area of 3,480 km² with population of 158,742 as of census 2011. It lies in province number one as well. Many people of SankhuwaSabha go to work in bordering countries Tibet and china to make living. With only 46 people per kilometer square population, Sankhuwasabha is highly in need of man power.
But unfortunately, it is so far behind from development that there is very less population and those who live, live in extreme poverty. Chhetri, Rai, Tamang, Kulung, Sherpa, Kirat Rai, Gurung are the main caste group residing in this region. With poverty rate of 26 % and literacy rate of 69 % Sankhuwasabha is still very much behind in terms of development.
Taplejung is one of the most remote districts of Nepal. It lies in north eastern Nepal and is home to The world’s third highest mountain in the world . Kanchenjunga standing 8586 m high lies in the district. Despite having tremendous potential in Tourism, hydropower and agriculture, this district is still an underdeveloped district.
The main source of income for people is agriculture . They make their living through agriculture but this is not commercialized well. Because of this many people even live below the poverty line
Taplejung is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful areas in eastern Nepal with tremendous tourism potential. It offers spectacular view of many Himalayan peaks including 13 highest peaks of world. Taplejung also has the longest blue glacier ie, The Yalung, of the world . The diversity in terms of flora and fauna is another treasure of Tapleung. There are rich forest with more than 200 species of birds and animals. But unfortunately despite having all this it is one of the most undeveloped district of Nepal
The place is home to indigenous Limbu people. Other than this few other ethnic groups also reside in this place.
Panchthar district is another district from the Kirat state of eastern region in Nepal. It is one of the very back warded district of Nepal. It has an area 1,241 square kilometers and population of 191,817 population.People have very less access to modern day facilities. Phidim is the district headquarters of this district. But even the head quarter is very back warded. People in Panchthar are forced to live without any facilities and by facing extreme poverty.
People make their living by agriculture and farming mostly. Currently most of the young people either go abroad or come to work in cities in order to support their family.