Our previous article listed the names of the five most developed cities in Nepal. But we all know Nepal comprises undeveloped regions more than developed ones. There are people who live below the poverty line, there are many villages where even the basic means of living are not available. People live in absence of electricity, transportation facility, and even basic health care. Therefore in the article, we are talking about the five least developed places in Nepal. People in this area are forced to live in absence of basic requirements for living.
OklalDhunga is the first name on this list. It is by far the most back warded district of Nepal. It has a population of only 3761. The name of this district was derived from Okhal which means grinding stone, a large grinding stone is present in its headquarters and that’s how it got its name.
Despite living in extreme poverty, Okhaldhunga gave birth to many brave citizens. It is known as the ‘District of Martyrs’. In the People’s movement in 2007 for democracy, more than 56 people died from Okhaldhunga.
Despite being very beautiful and naturally gifted, it is surprising why Okhaldhunga is still so back-warded. The district has an excellent view of Sagarmatha, Kanchenjunga, Gaurishankar, Tholedemba, Taklung, Rawadelu, and many other mountains. The sparkling springs Pokali, Lipu, Patle, Sepli, Dhikure, and more are the gem of the district.
If the government does proper management, this city can develop as a tourist destination. The district also has tremendous potential in slate production. There are many slate ores present in the hills Khiji Khijee, Ragani, and Dandapakha of Okhaldhunga.
If Government puts focus on that, the slate can be extracted, processed, and sold. This will be an economic achievement not only for Okhaldhunga but the nation as a whole. Also despite having huge potential in the copper and iron industries, Okhladhunga is very much back warded.
People make their living through agriculture and few products they produce with the traditional farming method. Agriculture is also another potential in Okhaldhunga so, if the farmers get good training and learn to produce cash crops like tea, coffee, and cardamom, then for sure their living standards can be raised.
Nowadays few people are doing that but still, it lacks proper management skills and they have not been able to make the most of it.
Solukhumbu is another very undeveloped district of Nepal. It lies in Kirat Province of eastern Nepal and Limbu, Bhotes, Gurungs and other ethnic groups reside in the area. The name of the district came from the sub-regions it consists of ie Solu and Khumbu.
Solukhumbu lies in province number one as per the new federal system. The district has a total area of 3,312 km square and as per the census of 2011, the population of the district is 105886. But in 2020, the population sure has declined because of its state and conditions many people have already left the place, and only a few very poor families live in this region these days. And those remaining also mostly reside in the headquarter Salleeri and the other part are almost empty.
It is shame that the district that is home to The highest peak in the world, Mount Everest itself is so far in terms of development. Tourism is one of the main economic activities in this area. Since Mount Everest lies in this district, many tourists arrive in the district every year and that is how people make living there. Agriculture is not very favorable for Solukhumbu as per its climate. It is always cold and in winter it disrupts many normal activities.
Another very remote district in Nepal is Sankhuwasabha District. It also lies in the Himalayan region and borders the Solukhumbu. Being in the Himalayan region, the infrastructures including transportation are very less developed in this district. This has made living very difficult in these regions.
Sankhuwasabha has a total area of 3,480 km² with a population of 158,742 as of the census of 2011. It lies in province number one as well. Many people of SankhuwaSabha go to work in bordering countries Tibet and china to make living. With only 46 people per kilometer square population, Sankhuwasabha is highly in need of manpower.
But unfortunately, it is so far behind the development that there is a very less population and those who live, live in extreme poverty. Chhetri, Rai, Tamang, Kulung, Sherpa, Kirat Rai, Gurung are the main caste group residing in this region. With a poverty rate of 26 % and a literacy rate of 69 % Sankhuwasabha is still very much behind in terms of development.
Taplejung is one of the most remote districts of Nepal. It lies in northeastern Nepal and is home to The world’s third highest mountain in the world.
Kanchenjunga standing 8586 m high lies in the district. Despite having tremendous potential in Tourism, hydropower, and agriculture, this district is still an underdeveloped district.
The main source of income for people is agriculture. They make their living through agriculture but this is not commercialized well. Because of this many people even live below the poverty line
Taplejung is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful areas in eastern Nepal with tremendous tourism potential. It offers spectacular views of many Himalayan peaks including the 13 highest peaks in the world. Taplejung also has the longest blue glacier ie, The Yalung, in the world.
The diversity in terms of flora and fauna is another treasure of Tapleung. There is a rich forest with more than 200 species of birds and animals. But unfortunately despite having all this it is one of the most undeveloped districts of Nepal
The place is home to indigenous Limbu people. Other than this few other ethnic groups also reside in this place.
Panchthar district is another district from the Kirat state of the eastern region of Nepal. It is one of the very back warded districts of Nepal. It has an area of 1,241 square kilometers and a population of 191,817 population. People have very less access to modern-day facilities.
Phidim is the district headquarters of this district. But even the headquarter is very back-warded. People in Panchthar are forced to live without any facilities and by facing extreme poverty.
People make their living through agriculture and farming mostly. Currently, most young people either go abroad or come to work in cities in order to support their families.