Nepal is expected to rise above from the list of least developed countries by 2022. But, there are so many challenges and obstacles that the government of Nepal have to face on the way. Here are the five mains problems Nepal is facing at the moment:
- Unstable government
One of the main problems of Nepal is an unstable government. There is hardly a government that lasted for a year. Since the government is changing yearly, so does the rules and the development projects. As a result, the government could not completely perform its plan, project, and policies. An unstable government has to affect works of the development projects as the priority of government changes based upon which political party is ruling the government. There is also trend that the development project and plan run by the earlier government is totally canceled out the next government. This is due to the unhealthy politics. The political parties in Nepal play the blame game and try to pull down rather than supporting for the goods works. There is a lack of proper cooperation and beliefs in between the political parties due to the reason when one party is ruling the government, the opposition party always opposes the government no matter whether the government is doing good or bad works.
- Bad politics
The key factor that actually determines the situation of the country is its political scenario. The country with bad politics is not likely to develop as expected which best example is Nepal. The political condition of Nepal is so critical that there is hardly a chance of being united in any topics. One political party doesn’t support another. When they support, then all Nepalese know that there is a certain give and take under the table. There is no belief among the political parties and they always play the game of pulling down due to which the government of Nepal is not so stable and it gets change before it can complete its whole duration as per rule. The political parties are interested in fulfilling their personal and political needs rather than fulfilling the demands of the people and needs of the country. This is an example of bad politics which Nepali political parties are playing. Strikes, opposing, violence have been common to all the political parties. If the situation is not as per their demand, they take these steps to oppose the government.
- No Ethics, No responsibility
When any development projects failed, then everyone involved in the project starts to blame other for the cause rather than taking responsibility for it. This is very common in every department, in every organization, in every political party and in every Nepalese. There is hardly someone who wants to take the responsibility of it and who have ethics. The government offices of Nepal are the source and inspiration for corruption. It has been said that a clean and responsible person when enters inside any government offices with energy to do something will become the corrupted one due to the environments/he has to cope with. Each and every department, each and every staff, each and every Nepalese don’t do their works responsibly unless s/he gets any benefits from it. This trend has been followed for decades and if this trend is not broken, then it will surely cost Nepal and Nepalese for very long period of time. We need to have work ethics and we need to be responsible if we really want to develop our country. We have to change ourselves first if we really want to change the surroundings.
- Rules and regulations implementation
Well, Nepal has newly constituted its new constitution where there is clearly stated in rules and regulations that every government, civic society, Nepalese people and the foreigners have to follow. Anybody going beyond these terms will be liable to punishment. So, where is the problem? The problems are not in the rules and regulations, the problems are not in the government, the problems is not in the Nepalese people, but the problems is in implementing these rules. The government who is responsible for implementing these rules and regulations is not determined to implement it since the government ruling parties are worried that if they go on implementing this law, it will surely affect them and the people around them. In Nepal, leader of political parties wants to keep the things from where they get benefits even if it is against law. This is the reason that many big political parties are giving protection to the so-called Dons. The parties have become law. What they say is the law. Even an order of the supreme court by Chief justice is not being implemented by the so called political parties and the big leader.
Since the country is in a very critical political situation and there is a continuously unstable government from decades, then it is obvious that there will be unemployment since no development works have been carried away. When we look at the unemployment condition of Nepal, the above four reasons are the main cause of it. When you don’t have an unstable government, then the developments projects will be unstable. Even there is very rare chance of coming new development projects by these scenarios. The foreigner’s investors want to expand their business in Nepal but when they see the unstable and unsecured environment, they pull away from their plan. As a result, the unemployment rates has been increased so much in the current context of Nepal. This is the reason that many youths have been forced to leave nations in search of jobs. Thousands of Nepalese youths have been giving their hardship in the gulf countries which have been benefits to those countries. We are losing our youth. This is a very serious matter that everyone should think about. The government and in fact the major political parties should think about it if they do really care about Nepal.
These are the five major problems in Nepal at the current scenario. Other problems like lack of education, lack of health facilities, lack of clean drinking water etc will be solved only if the above-mentioned problems are solved. So, first, the root cause of the problems should be analyzed.