Nepal is a South Asian country popularly known for its natural beauty and amazing and unique geographical features. Nepal is very rich in culture, and the people in Nepal is appreciated for their tolerance behaviour towards religion and culture. Every year large group of tourist visits Nepal to take the pleasure of beautiful sceneries; to learn about Nepalese people, their religion and culture and to enjoy the naturally gifted adventurous sports. There are many surprising and interesting facts about Nepal which are discussed below.
10 Interesting Facts about Nepal
- Nepal’s flag is the only national flag in the entire world that is not rectangular in shape.
The flag of Nepal is a combination of two individual pennons. It is not unique in shape but also holds a very meaningful detail regarding colour combination and the pictures it holds. On the top pennon of the flag, there is the moon that represents the cool weather in the Himalayas and the calmness of the Nepalese people while there is the sun in the bottom pennon which expresses the hot temperature of the lower regions of Nepal. The red colour of the flag represents the mark of bravery and victory which the Nepalese people are actually while the blue outline in the flag depicts peace and harmony.
- Kumari, the only living goddess in the world, exists in Nepal.
Kumari is a girl who is selected rigorously under certain religious procedures from Shakya and Bajracharya castes of the Newar community and is believed to be the avatar of Taleju. There are many Kumaris in Nepal depending upon the cities, but the most popularly known Kumari is the Royal Kumari of Kathmandu city. Nepalese people are allowed to visit the Kumari house located in Basantapur during Dashain while Kumari is brought outside the Kumari house and is taken around the Kathmandu city in a chariot during Indrajatra and few other occasions. New kumari replaces the former one when her first menstruation begins or a serious illness or a significant loss of blood from an injury.
- Nepal is a birthplace of the Lord Gautam Buddha.
The Lord Gautam Buddha was born in the holiest place Kapilvastu, Lumbini in 623 BC. The birthplace of Gautam Buddha is engraved with the Asoka Pillar. The birthplace of Buddha is now a Buddhist pilgrimage centre where lots of national and international tourist pay homage every year.
- Nepal faces a remarkable altitude variation.
The altitude of Nepal varies from the minimum of 60 meters above the sea level to 8848 meters which are the height of the Mount Everest. The three major regions of Nepal strikingly explain the variation in the altitude. The lower region of Nepal is called Terai region with the tallest grassland in the world where there is around 48% of Nepal’s population. The middle region called the hilly region covers 45% of the population because of the favourable climate for both animals and humans. The upper region is the Himalaya region where there is about 8% population because of the high altitude. Nepal provides opportunities to people to travel from lowlands to glaciers in a period of just a few weeks.
- Nepal is a not colonised country.
Nepal is a not- colonised country as the country was never under the control of any foreign countries. There have been many reasons behind it from the severe interest of the British to acquire South Asia to the economic cause of the losing war between Nepal and the British to the topography reasons.
- Nepal consists of eight highest peaks in the world.
Out of 10 highest peaks in the world, Nepal occupies eight namely, Everest (29,029 ft), Kangchenjunga (28,169 ft), Lhotse (27,940 ft), Makalu (27,838 ft), Cho Oyu (26,864 ft), Dhaulagiri (26,795 ft), Manaslu (26,781 ft) and Annapurna (26,545 ft).
- There are many world heritage sites in Nepal.
Kathmandu Valley, Lumbini, Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park are the four enlisted world heritage sites of Nepal. Kathmandu valley includes Pashupati Nath temple, Boudhanath, Swayambhunath, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square and Changunarayan as the heritage sites.
- Nepal is considered to have the most thrilling and exciting places on earth.
Nepal has the most extreme places whether it be world’s most popular trekking trails like Annapurna Circuit trekking and Everest Base Camp trek or be adventure sports like mountain biking, kayaking, rafting, bungee jumping, mountaineering, paragliding etcetera or the best rivers like Karnali and many upstream rivers for white water rafting.
- Elephant polo match is played only in Nepal.
Out of many rare sports that are played in Nepal, elephant polo is one of them. Elephant polo is a polo played on the back of elephants. The world elephant polo Association, established in 1982, has its headquarters in the Royal Chitwan Park in Nepal. Every year, elephant polo is played on a grassy field in Megauly.
- Nepal has over 80 ethnic groups and 123 languages.
Nepal is a home to more than 80 ethnic groups with over 123 languages. Despite the wide range of ethnic groups and different languages, Nepalese people believe in peace and harmony and have shown their tolerance towards each other’s religion and culture.
Because of the above discussed interesting facts about Nepal, many national and international tourists visit Nepal every year to enjoy the place more carefully.