Nepal calendar is a system that has been created by the people to keep the track of time. It is not a new thing for us and its inception lies in the ancient roots at least back to the prehistoric era. Most historical societies used day, solar year and lunation as the natural units for the timekeeping.
A large number of calendar systems have been introduced in different countries like Nepal depending upon these natural units. Nepal calendar is somewhat different and is described with Nepali calendar origin and important dates of Nepali Calendar 2075.
Nepali calendar 2075 BS (2018 AD) is a multicultural blend of festivals, historical and religious events of all the cultural indigenous class of Nepal. Nepali calendar is also called ‘Nepali Patro’ in Nepali.
Large number of ethnic groups along with their own unique cultures and traditions celebrate New Year in their own specific days. However, 1st of Baisakh is called national new year and nepali calendar year starts from this day as well. Nepali calendar is approximately 56 years and 8.5 months ahead of the English calendar.
There are 12 months and maximum number of days in a month is 32. It pursue detail Nepali panchang to list important festivals like Dashain, Tihar, Teej, Chhath, Lhosar, Eid etc which has great signifance in Nepalese community.
In the current year 2075, the most awaited and celebrated festival of Nepal i.e. Dashain starts from 24th of Ahswin from the day of Ghatasthapana to 7th of Kartik Purnima and Tihar starts from 19th of Kartik to 23rd of Kartik.
Origin of Nepal Calendar
Internationally, the Gregorian calendar named after its introducer Pope Gregory XIII is the de facto international standard for the calendar. In Nepal, the calendar in use is Vikram Samvat Calendar. People are aware of the Gregorian calendar along with it. However, for the civil and administrative purposes in Nepal, Vikram Samvat calendar is the standard one.
Vikram Samvat Nepal Calendar is abbreviated as V.S. /VS or B.S. /BS. BS era is widely used in Nepal and India. BS calendars are one of the Hindu calendars that use a lunisolar system of timekeeping. The Christian era started in 1 CE/ AD (Common Era/ Anno Domini referring to the year of Christ’s Birth). Vikram Samvat started in 58/57 BCE in southern and 57/56 BCE in northern systems of Hindu calendar. Vikram Samvat Calendar is believed to be named after the legendary king Vikramaditya who invaded Ujjain, defeated and drove away from the Sakas there and for its commemoration, established a new era called Vikram Era.
During the Rana regime, Vikram Samvat calendar was made the official Nepal calendar. The solar Gregorian calendar falls behind the BS calendar by 56.7 years. The new year in BS calendar, for instance, 2073 BS began in 2016 CE and ends in 2017 CE. The first month of the BS calendar, Baisakh falls on the month of mid-April in the Gregorian calendar.
The classical BS Nepal calendar used lunar months and solar sidereal years. Looking into the BS calendars, you will come along lunar metrics like Tithi and paksha which means lunar day and lunar fortnight respectively. 15 tithis make 1 paksha. A paksha consists of waxing and waning period of the moon. 2 pakshas make1 masa/lunar month and 2 masas make 1 ritu. 3 ritus make 1 ayanas and 2 ayanas make a year in BS calendar. There are 12 months in a year which are Baisakh, Jestha, Asar, Shrawan, Bhadra, Ashoj, Kartik, Mangsir, Poush, Magh, Falgun and Chaitra in Nepal calendar.
BS calendar is very important among the Nepalese. Depending upon different tithis, a new project is started. Also, different important festivals depend upon tithis and pakshas in BS calendar. Bisket Jatra marks the 1st day of the New Year. Buddha Purnima is celebrated in the full moon day of the Baisakh month. With the advent of the New Year, people are found looking into the Nepal calendar for the significant dates, suva saits and muhurats.
Applications to see Nepali Calendar
Calendar is a most have application for people who frequently use smartphones. Online calendar and applications is essential for people mainly in abroad. Although the information in Nepali calendar are easily accessible through simple Google search, over a million people use such applications for finding those information from a single app. The following are the different apps for accessing Nepali calendar for Android and iOs.
Hamro Patro was initially developed for calendar purpose only, today this app has included many other features applicable and desired by the Nepali community such as FOREX, Nepali radio, news, horoscope and many more. At present, it’s is not just providing information for all these but it also aims to bring the Nepali community together by providing amendment for information related to Nepali people’s interest in Nepal and abroad.
FEATURES OF HAMRO PATRO
- Nepali Patro
- Nepali FM Radios
- News Update
- Hamro Audio
- Foreign exchange rate
- Gold & Silver price
- Horoscopes | Zodiac
- Blog literature
- App Widgets
Smart Patro is a Multicultural blend of Events and Festivals of all the cultural traditional groups of Nepal. It includes public holidays, festivals, and other important events. It’s an app specifically developed for iPhone users. It includes date converter, Horoscope (mentioned as Rasifal inside the app), News section, Nepali FM Radio, Exchange Rate. Beside the Exchange rate, there are ‘Suva Sait‘ which is the list of the days good to run ceremonies or rituals, as claimed by astrologists. If you are a iPhone users, Smart Patro is the most favorable calendar apps packed with awesome features which is fast and easy to use.
Smart Patro is the app developed with latest technology which includes the following basic features useful for the Nepalese community in Nepal and Abroad.
Features of Smart Patro
- Nepali Calendar
- Date Converter
- Nepali Panchang
- Nepali News
- Nepali FM Radio
- Exchange Rate
- Gold & Silver
- Subha Sait
Nepali Calendar is a light weight full featured Bikram Sambat Calendar which consumes very low memory and optimal system resource usage with dual date display, festivals and public holiday information, user event manager including the following features:
Features of NEPALI CALENDAR:
- Nepali Calendar (Displays dual date, tithis, exam routines, festivals and public holiday information)
- User Event Manager
- Date Converter (Converts date from BS to AD and AD to BS)
- FOREX(Foreign Exchange Rate)
- Gold/Silver Price
- Share/Stock Price
- Upcoming user event widget
- Current date widget
Important days in Nepal Calendar 2074
The significant dates for the approaching New Year 2074 BS according to the Nepal calendar 2074 are as follows:
- Nepali New Year – Baishakh 1, Friday (April 14, 2017)
- Loktantra Diwas – Baishakh 11, Monday (April 24, 2017)
- Mother’s day- Baisakh 13, Thursday (April 26, 2017)
- Buddha Jayanti- Baisakh 27, Wednesday (May 10, 2017)
- Republic Day- Jestha 15, Monday (May 29, 2017)
- Eid-al-Fitr – Eid (Muslim only) (date may vary) – Asar 11, Sunday (June 25, 2017)
- Naag Panchami – Shrawan 13, Friday (July 28, 2017)
- Raksha Bandhan – Shrawan 13, Friday (July 28, 2017)
- Gaijatra (KTM valley only) – Shrawan 24, Tuesday (August 8, 2017)
- Shree Krishna Janmasthami Brata – Shrawan 30, Monday (August 14, 2017)
- Father’s Day – Bhadau 5, Monday (August 21, 2017)
- Dar Khaane – Bhadau 7, Wednesday (August 23, 2017)
- Haritalika Teej Brata (Women only) – Bhadau 8, Thursday (August 24, 2017)
- Rishi Panchami (Women only) – Bhadau 10, Saturday (August 26, 2017)
- Gaura Parwa – Bhadau 13, Tuesday (August 29, 2017)
- Kukkur Tihar – Kartik 1, Wednesday (October 18, 2017)
- Laxmi Pooja – Kartik 2,Thursday (October 19, 2017)
- Mha Pooja – Kartik 3, Friday (October 20, 2017)
- Gobardhan Pooja – Kartik 3, Friday (October 20, 2017)
- Bhai Tika – Kartik 4, Saturday (October 21, 2017)
- Chhath Parba – Kartik 9, Thursday (October 26, 2017)
- Guru Nanak Jayanti (Sikh only) – Kartik 18, Saturday (November 4, 2017)
- Falgunanda Jayanti (Kirat only) – Kartik 25, Saturday (November 11, 2017)
- Bala Chaturdashi – Mangsir 1, Friday (November 17, 2017)
- Yomari Punhi – Mangsir 17, Sunday (December 3, 2017)
- International Day of Persons with Disabilities (Differently abled only) – Mangsir 17, Sunday (December 3, 2017)
- Christmas (Christian only) – Poush 10, Monday (December 25, 2017)
- Tamu Lhosar – Poush 15, Saturday (December 30, 2017)
- Shree Swasthani Brata Starts – Poush 17, Monday (January 1, 2018)
- New Year 2018 – Poush 17, Monday (January 1, 2018)
- Maghe Sankranti – Magh 1, Monday (January 15, 2018)
- Sonam Lhosar – Magh 4, Thursday (January 18, 2018)
- Shree Panchami (Educational institutions only) – Magh 8, Monday (January 22, 2018)
- National Martyr’s Day – Magh 16, Tuesday (January 30, 2018)
- Shree Swasthani Brat Ends – Magh 17, Wednesday (January 31, 2018)
- Maha Shivaratri – Falgun 1, Tuesday (February 13, 2018)
- Gyalpo Lhosar – Falgun 4, Friday (February 16, 2018)
- Fagu Purnima – Holi – Falgun 17, Thursday (March 1, 2018)
- Terai Holi (Terai 18 districts) – Falgun 18, Friday (March 2, 2018)
- Ghode Jatra – Chaitra 3, Saturday (March 17, 2018)
- Ram Nawami – Chaitra 11, Sunday (March 25, 2018)
- Mahabir Jayanti (Jain only) – Chaitra 15, Thursday (March 29, 2018)