Nepal Calendar | Nepali Calendar 2074 with Important Dates

A calendar is a system that has been created by the people to keep the track of time. It is not a new thing for us and its inception lies in the ancient roots at least back to the prehistoric era. Most historical societies used day, solar year and lunation as the natural units for the timekeeping. A large number of calendar systems have been introduced in different countries depending upon these natural units. Nepal calendar is somewhat different and is described with Nepali calendar origin and important dates of Nepali Calendar 2074.

Origin of Nepali Calendar and Nepal Calendar

Internationally, the Gregorian calendar named after its introducer Pope Gregory XIII is the de facto international standard for the calendar. In Nepal, the calendar in use is Vikram Samvat Calendar. People are aware of the Gregorian calendar along with it. However, for the civil and administrative purposes in Nepal, Vikram Samvat calendar is the standard one.

Vikram Samvat Nepal Calendar is abbreviated as V.S. /VS or B.S. /BS. BS era is widely used in Nepal and India. BS calendars are one of the Hindu calendars that use a lunisolar system of timekeeping.  The Christian era started in 1 CE/ AD (Common Era/ Anno Domini referring to the year of Christ’s Birth). Vikram Samvat started in 58/57 BCE in southern and 57/56 BCE in northern systems of Hindu calendar. Vikram Samvat Calendar is believed to be named after the legendary king Vikramaditya who invaded Ujjain, defeated and drove away from the Sakas there and for its commemoration, established a new era called Vikram Era.

During the Rana regime, Vikram Samvat calendar was made the official Nepal calendar. The solar Gregorian calendar falls behind the BS calendar by 56.7 years. The new year in BS calendar, for instance, 2073 BS began in 2016 CE and ends in 2017 CE. The first month of the BS calendar, Baisakh falls on the month of mid-April in the Gregorian calendar.

nepali calendar

The classical BS Nepal calendar used lunar months and solar sidereal years. Looking into the BS calendars, you will come along lunar metrics like Tithi and paksha which means lunar day and lunar fortnight respectively. 15 tithis make 1 paksha. A paksha consists of waxing and waning period of the moon. 2 pakshas make1 masa/lunar month and 2 masas make 1 ritu. 3 ritus make 1 ayanas and 2 ayanas make a year in BS calendar. There are 12 months in a year which are Baisakh, Jestha, Asar, Shrawan, Bhadra, Ashoj, Kartik, Mangsir, Poush, Magh, Falgun and Chaitra in Nepal calendar.

BS calendar is very important among the Nepalese. Depending upon different tithis, a new project is started. Also, different important festivals depend upon tithis and pakshas in BS calendar. Bisket Jatra marks the 1st day of the New Year. Buddha Purnima is celebrated in the full moon day of the Baisakh month. With the advent of the New Year, people are found looking into the Nepal calendar for the significant dates, suva saits and muhurats.

nepal calendar

Important days in Nepal Calendar 2074 BS in 2017 AD

The significant dates for the approaching New Year 2074 BS according to the Nepal calendar 2074 are as follows:

  • Nepali New Year – Baishakh 1, Friday (April 14, 2017)
  • Loktantra Diwas – Baishakh 11, Monday (April 24, 2017)
  • Mother’s day- Baisakh 13, Thursday (April 26, 2017)
  • Buddha Jayanti- Baisakh 27, Wednesday (May 10, 2017)
  • Republic Day- Jestha 15, Monday (May 29, 2017)
  • Eid-al-Fitr – Eid (Muslim only) (date may vary) – Asar 11, Sunday (June 25, 2017)
  • Naag Panchami – Shrawan 13, Friday (July 28, 2017)
  • Raksha Bandhan – Shrawan 13, Friday (July 28, 2017)
  • Gaijatra (KTM valley only) – Shrawan 24, Tuesday (August 8, 2017)
  • Shree Krishna Janmasthami Brata – Shrawan 30, Monday (August 14, 2017)
  • Father’s Day – Bhadau 5, Monday (August 21, 2017)
  • Dar Khaane – Bhadau 7, Wednesday (August 23, 2017)
  • Haritalika Teej Brata (Women only) – Bhadau 8, Thursday (August 24, 2017)
  • Rishi Panchami (Women only) – Bhadau 10, Saturday (August 26, 2017)
  • Gaura Parwa – Bhadau 13, Tuesday (August 29, 2017)
  • Kukkur Tihar – Kartik 1, Wednesday (October 18, 2017)
  • Laxmi Pooja – Kartik 2,Thursday (October 19, 2017)
  • Mha Pooja – Kartik 3, Friday (October 20, 2017)
  • Gobardhan Pooja – Kartik 3, Friday (October 20, 2017)
  • Bhai Tika – Kartik 4, Saturday (October 21, 2017)
  • Chhath Parba – Kartik 9, Thursday (October 26, 2017)
  • Guru Nanak Jayanti (Sikh only) – Kartik 18, Saturday (November 4, 2017)
  • Falgunanda Jayanti (Kirat only) – Kartik 25, Saturday (November 11, 2017)
  • Bala Chaturdashi – Mangsir 1, Friday (November 17, 2017)
  • Yomari Punhi – Mangsir 17, Sunday (December 3, 2017)
  • International Day of Persons with Disabilities (Differently abled only) – Mangsir 17, Sunday (December 3, 2017)
  • Christmas (Christian only) – Poush 10, Monday (December 25, 2017)
  • Tamu Lhosar – Poush 15, Saturday (December 30, 2017)
  • Shree Swasthani Brata Starts – Poush 17, Monday (January 1, 2018)
  • New Year 2018 – Poush 17, Monday (January 1, 2018)
  • Maghe Sankranti – Magh 1, Monday (January 15, 2018)
  • Sonam Lhosar – Magh 4, Thursday (January 18, 2018)
  • Shree Panchami (Educational institutions only) – Magh 8, Monday (January 22, 2018)
  • National Martyr’s Day – Magh 16, Tuesday (January 30, 2018)
  • Shree Swasthani Brat Ends – Magh 17, Wednesday (January 31, 2018)
  • Maha Shivaratri – Falgun 1, Tuesday (February 13, 2018)
  • Gyalpo Lhosar – Falgun 4, Friday (February 16, 2018)
  • Fagu Purnima – Holi – Falgun 17, Thursday (March 1, 2018)
  • Terai Holi (Terai 18 districts) – Falgun 18, Friday (March 2, 2018)
  • Ghode Jatra – Chaitra 3, Saturday (March 17, 2018)
  • Ram Nawami – Chaitra 11, Sunday (March 25, 2018)
  • Mahabir Jayanti (Jain only) – Chaitra 15, Thursday (March 29, 2018)

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