Nepal election commission is the integral body of government responsible for conducting elections in Nepal. Nepali citizens saw a bright day after years of instability, the national election finally took place in 2020 in two phases 26 November and 7 December.

It was the biggest dream of Nepali to have political stability in Nepal. The election has brought stability to the country. The election commission is a constitutional body managed by the government in Nepal. It operates according to election commission law section 24, articles 245 to 247. The commission has the responsibility to conduct elections at the federal, provincial, and local levels as per stipulated electoral systems.

Election commission Nepal manages Nepal election

The first Nepal election commissioner was Subarna Shumsher Rana in 1951 A.D.

All the Nepal election commissioners are appointed by the presidents and they have a work term of six years after the appointment. The chief election commissioner acts as chairperson of the Nepal election commission. Any Nepalese citizen possessing the qualifications mentioned below is eligible to apply for the election commissioners.

  • Bachelor’s Degree in relevant field
  • Not affiliated with any political party
  • At least of age forty-five
  • High moral character
nepal election commission

Major responsibilities of the Nepal Election Commission

Election Commission Nepal is one of the constitutional bodies of Nepal. It is the legal authority responsible for monitoring all the activities related to the election. It also has the function of registering parties and candidates and of reporting election outcomes. The Election Commission Nepal (ECN) was established in 1951 as one of the repercussions of the 1950 revolution of Nepal. ECN is formed under the Constitution and the Government of Nepal.

All three levels of an election, local, provincial and national are going to be held this year according to the government’s plans. The plan for conducting the local-level elections has already been endorsed. The election is the heart of democracy. With the election, the local denizens and citizens can choose the person who will lead their locality and the country in general.

The first responsibility of the Nepal election commission is to conduct, supervise and control the elections for the important positions of the state. It conducts elections for the president, Vice president, members of federal parliament, provincial assemblies, and local bodies. It prepares voters’ lists for the election and raises awareness of the voting rights of citizens. It even conducts awareness programs at the time of elections. It prepares a code of conduct for election.

The election commission is responsible for effective, fair, and unbiased elections in the country. For that, The commission prepares guidelines, laws, and rules for election and implements them. Recently in 2020, election, there was a lot of confusion among voters regarding the voting procedure which resulted in the cancellation of many votes. That is the weakness of the Election commission.

The election commission should raise awareness among voters and should make the election process completely effective. During the election period, the commission employs a group of around 240,000 officials, mostly civil servants to monitor elections. Even with so many reinforcements, it is often accused of not being able to work effectively. The biggest achievement of the Election commission would be the 2020 election giving the country a stable government for 5 years.

Election commission Nepal publish the election results. The present election commissioner of Nepal name is Dinesh Kumar Thapaliya. The election commission of Nepal voters list is available on the official website of the election commission at voter list. It is also called Nirbachan aayog in Nepali.

Election Commission Nepal Voting process in Nepal

In any election process, voters are of great significance as it is according to their vote that the election comes to a conclusion. “Voters” are the citizens who are eligible to vote in an election. To vote in an election, voters should first be registered on the voter’s list. “Right to vote” is one of the cornerstones of democracy. The citizens can exercise their right to vote after there is a comprehensive and inclusive voters list. Voters’ registration ensures the eligibility of the voters to vote and the quality of vote as well.

Election Commission nepal
Election Commission Nepal

Registration of voters is another important function of the election commission. The voters’ registration in Nepal was initiated on September 15, 2010, in 43 districts. ECN launched the voters’ registration system so that the election can be a fair process exempt from any fraudulent activities. The eligible person to vote can register their name with the District Administration Office.

Who can vote in Nepal?

There are certain criteria that a person should fulfill for registering themselves on the voters’ list. They are:

  • The person should be a Nepali citizen.
  • The person should have completed 16 years of age and acquired a citizenship certificate.
  • The person should be a permanent resident of an electoral area of a VDC/municipality.

An individual who has completed 16 years of age can register on the voters’ list. However, to be able to vote, the person should have reached 18 years according to the law.

How to register a name on the voter list in Nepal?

The official website for ECN is You can register to vote via this official website. Follow the steps below:

voter list nepal
voter list Nepal
  • Go to your browser and type The homepage for election commission Nepal opens. The page is in Nepali.
  • In the main menu, go to “Matadata Namawali” i.e. voters’ registration.
  • In the box on the left side, you can see “Naam darta garne prakriya” i.e. the process to register on the voters’ list. Click on that, and the information regarding it will be shown to you.
  • The whole information regarding how to register, what you need to register, and where you need to go to register for the election is given in the link.

How to check the Voter list in Nepal?

If you want to check whether your name is on the voters’ list or not, follow the steps below:

  • Go to your browser and type The homepage for election commission Nepal opens. The page is in Nepali.
  • In the main menu, go to “Matadata Namawali” i.e. voters’ registration.
  • Go to the link “Matadata Namawali” i.e. voter’s registration list.
  • The link opens in which you have to provide some information about yourself to see whether your name is on the voters’ list. You have to select the district, municipality/ village development committee, and ward number that you provided while registering to vote.
  • Then click on submit. The list will be shown to you in which you can check for your name on the list.