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By statistics, we mean the branch of science that deals with collection, analysis, interpretation and presentation of hefty numerical data. Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal was created in 1958 (2015 BS, Poush 17) by virtue of Statistics Act, 2015 as the sole agency for the collection, consolidation, processing, analysis, publication and dissemination of statistics. This agency is formed under the parent organisation, National Planning Commission Secretariat (NPCS). It is the national Statistical organisation of Government of Nepal which generates Statistics of Nepal. This agency is located in Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal.
How CBS generates Statistics of Nepal?
Through conduction of censuses and surveys, CBS generates the socioeconomic statistics. This generation of statistics is used to formulate different national plans. These statistics serve as a base of assessment and according to it, national plans and policies are formulated which has the objectives of uplifting the socio-economic levels of the people of the country. The main prioritised tasks that the Central Bureau of Statistics has been performing are population census which takes place every 10 years, agriculture census and manufacturing establishment census which takes place every 5 years.
CBS Statistical offices in Nepal
CBS includes 33 branch statistical offices (BSOs) to operate its different functions. CBS is the central office and includes 3 divisions and 15 sections. The main objective of the CBS is to produce and provide reliable socioeconomic data to the government for plan and policy making. It maintains coordination among all the governmental and non-governmental organisation that conduct economic and social data collection, processing, analysis, and publication activities. It also functions to provide an appropriate condition for the development of standardised Statistical System in Nepal and provide training and develop statistical manpower in the country.
Statistics of Nepal covering aspects
CBS works under NPCS. There are 3 divisions under it which are Planning and Human Resource Management Division, Economic Statistics Division and Social Statistics Division. The sections under the Planning and HRM division are Planning and Coordination Section, HRD and Training Section, Publication, Distribution and Library Section, Administration Section and Financial Administration Section. Under the Economic Statistics division, the sections are Establishment Census and Survey Section, Agriculture Statistics Section, National Account Section, Price Statistics Section, Environment Statistics and Satellite Account and Trade Statistics Section. Similarly, under the third division i.e. Social Statistics Division the sections are population section, Household Survey section, Social Statistics Section and Data Processing and GIS (Geographical Information System) section.
Statistics of Nepal
Central Bureau of Statistics covers the information in 3 areas which are Demographic and Social Studies (information on health, education, labor force, refugee, crimes and natural disaster, size and growth of population and vital statistics), Economic Statistics (Information on food and agriculture, manufacturing establishments, tourism, transport and communication, water, power and irrigation, prices, money and banking, government finance, foreign trade and BOP and national accounts) and Environmental Statistics (Information on Climate, fauna and flora and waste collection and disposal).
Information is collected from primary sources and secondary sources. Primary sources include the Surveys and Censuses by CBS & BSOs and the secondary sources include the Collection of official records from different governmental and non-governmental organisations. Information about the statistics of Nepal can be accessed via leaflets and books in which the results and reports are published. There are dissemination workshops/ seminars at the national, regional and district levels. The information is also disseminated in an electronic format in CDs. Statistical information of Nepal is accessible on its official website, which is www.cbs.gov.np.