By statistics, we mean the branch of science that deals with collecting, analyzing, interpreting, and presenting hefty numerical data. Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal, was created in 1958 (2015 BS, Poush 17) by the Statistics Act, 2015 as the sole agency for collecting, consolidating, processing, analyzing, publishing, and disseminating statistics. This agency is formed under the parent organization, National Planning Commission Secretariat (NPCS). The National Statistical Organization of the Government of Nepal generates Statistics for Nepal. This agency is located in Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal.
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How CBS generates Statistics for Nepal?
Through the conduction of censuses and surveys, CBS generates socioeconomic statistics. This generation of statistics is used to formulate different national plans. These statistics serve as a base of assessment, and according to them, national plans and policies are formulated that aim to uplift the socio-economic levels of the country’s people. The main prioritized tasks that the Central Bureau of Statistics has been performing are population census which takes place every ten years; agriculture census, and manufacturing establishment census, which takes place every five years.
CBS Statistical offices in Nepal
CBS has 33 branch statistical offices (BSOs) to operate its functions. CBS is the central office and includes three divisions and 15 sections. The main objective of the CBS is to produce and provide reliable socioeconomic data to the government for planning and policy-making. It maintains coordination among all the governmental and non-governmental organizations that conduct economic and social data collection, processing, analysis, and publication activities. It also provides an appropriate condition for developing a standardized Statistical System in Nepal and provides training and develops statistical manpower in the country.
Statistics of Nepal covering aspects
CBS works under NPCS. There are three divisions under it: the Planning and Human Resource Management Division, Economic Statistics Division, and Social Statistics Division. The sections under the Planning and HRM division are the Planning and Coordination Section, HRD and Training Section, Publication, Distribution and Library Section, Administration Section, and Financial Administration Section. Under the Economic Statistics division, the sections are Establishment Census and Survey Section, Agriculture Statistics Section, National Account Section, Price Statistics Section, Environment Statistics, and Satellite Account and Trade Statistics Section. Similarly, under the third division, i.e., Social Statistics Division, the population section, Household Survey section, Social Statistics Section, and Data Processing and GIS (Geographical Information System) section.
Statistics of Nepal
Central Bureau of Statistics covers the information in 3 Demographic areas Social Studies (information on health, education, labor force, refugee, crimes and natural disasters, size and growth of population, and vital statistics), Economic Statistics (Information on food and agriculture, manufacturing establishments, tourism, transport and communication, water, power and irrigation, prices, money and banking, government finance, foreign trade and BOP and national accounts) and Environmental Statistics (Information on Climate, fauna and flora and waste collection and disposal).
Information is collected from primary sources and secondary sources. Primary sources include the Surveys and Censuses by CBS & BSOs, and the secondary sources include the Collection of official records from different governmental and non-governmental organizations. Information about the statistics of Nepal can be accessed via leaflets and books in which the results and reports are published. There are dissemination workshops/ seminars at the national, regional, and district levels. The information is also disseminated in an electronic format on CDs. Statistical information about Nepal is accessible on its official website, which is www.cbs.gov.np.