HRRP Nepal stands for Housing Recovery and Reconstruction Platform. HRRP Nepal was established in 2015 as an initiative to perform the responsibilities and functions of Shelter Cluster after the earthquake of 2015 to support National Reconstruction Authority (NRA), Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) and Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MoFALD) Central Level Programme Implementation Units (CL-PIUs) and other relevant government authorities.
The earthquake of 2015 in Nepal was a very devastating one. Many people lost their lives in the catastrophe. About half a million of houses were destroyed and thousands damaged. Not only this, various cultural heritages were also inflicted with huge damage. Houses, buildings were ravaged. Thousands became homeless. It was really a dreary situation for Nepalese people.
After the earthquake, there was also a huge influx of humanitarian aids. Numerous national and international agencies were there for support with the aid. However, immediately after the earthquake, the distribution of aids was not systematic at all. The government received funds for the support of the people from various countries as well. But, these funds and aids were not managed easily.
Reportedly, the distribution of funds and aids among the victims was uncoordinated and inequitable. The victims from very remote areas which were inaccessible to transportation merely got any help from the government. Accurate information about the affected areas, victimized people was not available. There was no proper flow of information between those in need and those who were there for help.
HRRP Nepal on Koshi Flood
Thus, this responsibility of the coordination was given to HRRP Nepal by Shelter Cluster. Immediately after the earthquake 2015, Nepal Shelter Cluster was activated which had been active since Koshi River Flood in 2009 and was focused in contingency planning and preparedness during non emergency periods.
In response, Nepal Shelter Cluster established 4W- Who, What, Where and When- data collection system to make the information sharing more effective. At the end of 2015, this responsibility was handed to HRRP- Nepal.
HRRP Nepal Reconstruction Activities
The HRRP has been running in its 3rd phase now. It started in March 2020 and will go on until February 2020. It has been using the 4W tool to provide inventory of reporting activities. With the help of the 4W tool, it has been keeping track of WHAT reconstruction activities are being planned by WHO (various partner organizations), WHERE are the activities taking place and WHEN (the time the activities are taking place). The financial contributors of HRRP Nepal are DFID, SDC, Caritas Nepal, Build Change, ACTED, Christian Aid, Plan International, Habitat for Humanity.
HRRP Nepal is co led by IOM and UN Habitat. HRRP platform helps to make the reconstruction processes through its co ordination mechanism. This platform had been established to support the Nepal Government’s efforts for housing reconstruction. Thus it has been helping to create the link and coordination between the Government and various partner organizations, national and international agencies to go towards the same objective of reconstruction of houses. HRRP has been trying to make the reconstruction works equitable, safe and sustainable preventing duplication and unsystematic way.
HRRP Nepal on Earthquake
Until now, HRRP has become able to establish coordination offices in 14 severely Nepal earthquake affected districts of Nepal with the help of local authorities. It also collects data on he works done related to reconstruction of houses by the government, analyses them and shares the data publicly in the national dashboard. This data is used by various government authorities and partner organizations. It has helped make coordination between the government and partner organizations working towards reconstruction. Thus, this coordination would help in the speedy recovery of the country by sustainable and equitable reconstruction.