Population refers to the total number of inhabitants in a particular geographical area in a particular time. Counting the number of population is necessary for any country so that different plans and policies can be made with the population as the base. The counting of a population, in general, is the census. The population census is a systematic procedure of collecting information about the population. United Nations has recommended population census to be taken at least decennially. In some countries, it is taken quinquennially also. The significance of population census has been recognised by every country. Population census provides data about the population. Requests for more data have come in Nepal as well, not only from the governmental agencies but from various organisations, political parties and the general public also. The data supplied is used for different purposes. These are used for making plans and policies for the development of the country. This article provides complete information on Nepal population along with the up to date information on the latest population of Nepal.

On what basis Nepal population is calculated?

The population of Nepal is calculated by the population census method which takes place every 10 years. The history of Nepal population census dates back to 1911. After the year 1911, the practice of taking census has been continued roughly for every 10 years. Initially, short census schedule was used for the population census. Information was collected on the name of the head of household, the age of a person, by sex and occupation, the ability to work, the number of livestock and means of transportation. But, the final results were presented only in aggregates i.e. head counts. The first scientific census in Nepal took place in 1952/54. That year, Nepal census was conducted in two parts of the country, separated by 2 years time.

nepal population

Who conducts the census for Population in Nepal?

In Nepal, conducting the population census is the primary function of population section under the social statistics division of Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). CBS conducts the population census of Nepal decennially. For 2011 census, working with 58 municipalities and 3915 village development committees at a district level, they recorded the data. Data included statistics on various attributes of the population. The Nepal Population census in Nepal is conducted by the de facto method. It is the method which counts all persons as residents of the place they happen to be at the time the census is taken. This method is very clear and simple and international comparison is easy as well.

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Latest Total Population in Nepal data

population of nepal

The latest census of Nepal took place in 2011 AD. According to it, the total population of Nepal is 26,494,504. The Nepal population has increased by more than 3 million people from the past census of 2001 AD when the population was 23,151,423. Geographically, the country is divided into three east-west ecological belts: Northern Mountains, Middle hills and Southern Terai. Terai is the most populous among the three according to the 2011 census. The most populous development region was central region. There were 5,427,302 households and the average household size was 4.88. The annual population growth rate is 1.35%. Nepal is a small landlocked country located between 2 large neighbouring countries India and China. Both of these countries have the population of more than one billion people. Comparing to these, Nepal’s population of 28 million (projected for 2015) is very small but the population growth in the country is a problem of major concern for a small country like ours. So, the necessary steps should be taken to control the population.

According to eleventh census held recently, the total Population of Nepal is 2 crore 66 lakhs. Census is generally taken in 10 years. Census that was taken from Asar 3 to asar 13 2068 has the increment of Nepal population by 14.99 percentage. In 2058, the total population of nepal was 2 crore 37 lakhs.

These statics shows the actual population of Nepal. Yes, the population increment percentage is 14.99 now. To know more about the population of Nepal, you must be here.

Nepal ko Janganana 2068

Nepal ko Janganana 2068 census was two crores and sixty six lakhs. Population of Nepal in 2013 is 27,797,457, 2012 is 27,474,377, 2011 is 27,156,367 and 2010 is 26,846,016. Census is done in Nepal in every ten years duration. During the census, all the factors of population in different categories like age, religion, gender, employment are determined. The population increment rate of Nepal is given by 14.99 percentage (roundly we can say it as 15 percentage).

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Nepal Population 2068

Eleventh census on 2068 BS gave the data of total population of Nepal as two crores and sixty six lakhs. Census was done in month Asar of 2068 Bs. There was 2 crores 37 lakhs population according to the tenth census done in 2058 BS. In ten years of period, the total population of Nepal was increased by 29 lakhs.

Census has a great role in development of a country. Plan for development are made looking at a census. The different categories in census helps to make effective plans for development. Upcoming census of Nepal will be taken in 2078 BS which will be the thirteenth census of Nepal.

In Nepal Census is conducted by Nepal Central Bureau of Statistics. Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) was established in 1959 under Statistics Act, 2015 BS as the central agency for the collection, consolidation, processing, analysis, publication and dissemination of statistics. Census 2011 also known as National Population and Housing Census 2011 marks hundred years in the history of population census in Nepal. Nepal has been conducting population censuses almost decennially and the census 2011 is the eleventh. The first population census was conducted in 1911 A.D. (1968 B.S.). The census is considered as the first modern census of Nepal which was held or conducted on 1952/54. It has been introducing internationally as comparable concepts, definitions and classifications.


The Population of Nepal as of the census day i.e. held on June 22, 2011 which stands at 26,494,504 showing total population which increase at rate of 1.35 per annum. Likewise the total number of households founds in the country is 5,427,302 with 5,423,297 number individual households and 4,005 numbers institutional households (that includes Barracks, Hostels, Monasteries etc).

Geographically, Terai constitutes 50.27 percent i.e. 13,318,705 population of the total population from which Hill and Mountain constitutes 43 percent i.e. 11,394,007 and 6.73 percent i.e. 1,781,792) respectively. Among the five development regions, Central development region has got the highest population i.e. 36.45 percent and among them far western region records the lowest i.e 9.63 percent.

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The number of males per 100 females at the national level was 99.8 in 2001 and later it decreased to 91.6 in 2011.

Population density (average number of population per square kilometer) at the national level is 180 compared to 157 in 2001. More population is found in Kathmandu district as there are about 4,416 person per square km and least number of population is found in Manang district as there is about 3 person per square km.

Nepal Census by Nepal Central Bureau

As, Nepali culture is different within the country, there are 126 caste and ethnic groups reported in the census 2011. Among many caste the largest caste/ethnic groups are chhetris as they have 16.6% (4,398,053) of the total population, as Brahman-Hill have (12.2% ; 3,226,903), Magar (7.1% ; 1,887,733), Tharu (6.6% ; 1,737,470), Tamang (5.8% ; 1,539,830), Newar (5% ; 1,321,933), Kami (4.8% ; 1,258,554), Musalman (4.4% ; 1,164,255), Yadav (4% ; 1,054,458) and Rai (2.3% ; 620,004). 10 types of religion categories are being reported in the census. Hindu is followed by 81.3 percent (21,551,492) of the population followed by Buddhism (9%; 2,396,099), Islam (4.4%; 1,162,370), , Kirat (3.1%; 807,169), Christianity (1.4%; 375,699), Prakriti (0.5%; 121,982), Bon (13,006), Jainism (3,214), Bahai (1,283) and Sikhism (609).

Nepal Literacy Rate

According to total literacy rate population for aged 5 years was 54.1 percent in 2001 and later it has been increased to 65.9 percent in 2011.

The Central Bureau of Statistics working with the 58 municipalities and the 3915 Village Development Committees at a district level, they recorded data from all the municipalities and villages of each district. The whole operation of the census took five years from 2008/09 (2065/66 B.S.) to 2012/13 (B.S.2069/70) to complete preparatory works, data collection, data processing and tabulation.

Though a small country, we have a very high population density especially in Urban areas. Hence proper control measures and awareness is necessary in the country to control its increasing population.