Population refers to the total number of inhabitants in a particular geographical area in a particular time. Counting the number of population is necessary for any country so that different plans and policies can be made with the population as the base. The counting of a population, in general, is the census. The population census is a systematic procedure of collecting information about the population. United Nations has recommended population census to be taken at least decennially. In some countries, it is taken quinquennially also. The significance of population census has been recognised by every country. Population census provides data about the population. Requests for more data have come in Nepal as well, not only from the governmental agencies but from various organisations, political parties and the general public also. The data supplied is used for different purposes. These are used for making plans and policies for the development of the country. This article provides complete information on Nepal population along with the up to date information on the latest population of Nepal.

On what basis Nepal population is calculated?

The population of Nepal is calculated by the population census method which takes place every 10 years. The history of Nepal population census dates back to 1911. After the year 1911, the practice of taking census has been continued roughly for every 10 years. Initially, short census schedule was used for the population census. Information was collected on the name of the head of household, the age of a person, by sex and occupation, the ability to work, the number of livestock and means of transportation. But, the final results were presented only in aggregates i.e. head counts. The first scientific census in Nepal took place in 1952/54. That year, Nepal census was conducted in two parts of the country, separated by 2 years time.

nepal population

Who conducts the census for Population in Nepal?

In Nepal, conducting the population census is the primary function of population section under the social statistics division of Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). CBS conducts the population census of Nepal decennially. For 2011 census, working with 58 municipalities and 3915 village development committees at a district level, they recorded the data. Data included statistics on various attributes of the population. The Nepal Population census in Nepal is conducted by the de facto method. It is the method which counts all persons as residents of the place they happen to be at the time the census is taken. This method is very clear and simple and international comparison is easy as well.

Latest Total Population in Nepal data

population of nepal

The latest census of Nepal took place in 2011 AD. According to it, the total population of Nepal is 26,494,504. The Nepal population has increased by more than 3 million people from the past census of 2001 AD when the population was 23,151,423. Geographically, the country is divided into three east-west ecological belts: Northern Mountains, Middle hills and Southern Terai. Terai is the most populous among the three according to the 2011 census. The most populous development region was central region. There were 5,427,302 households and the average household size was 4.88. The annual population growth rate is 1.35%. Nepal is a small landlocked country located between 2 large neighbouring countries India and China. Both of these countries have the population of more than one billion people. Comparing to these, Nepal’s population of 28 million (projected for 2015) is very small but the population growth in the country is a problem of major concern for a small country like ours. So, the necessary steps should be taken to control the population.