Nepal is one the secular and Multi-cultural country, where many festivals are celebrated in the community. People of different religions live in the same community or society sharing their joys, happiness, sorrows etc. as wee as they celebrate different festivals together too.
As being a secular country, there are people of different religions celebrating different festivals are found.
There are many festivals in Nepal which are celebrated with their own value and importance. Some of them are Dashain, Tihar, Teej, chaat, Christmas, Janai Purnima, Maghe sankrati, Id, yomaari Purnima, Loshar, Gode Jatra, Iindra Jatra, Bhoto Jatra, Bisquet Jatra,etc. and so on. Among all, some of them are described below.
There are many festivals celebrated in Nepal. Since Nepal has diverse cultures and traditions with more than 100 different castes, so there are many festivals Nepalese people celebrate. Here, we have picked the top 10 best festivals of Nepal that are celebrated by all Nepalese.
Festivals are great time to sit back and enjoy with friends and family. They are a break from daily busy life and refresh you at the same time. Festivals are also part of culture and even though celebration of many festivals is decreasing these days, we still have many festivals to revive ourselves. Sometimes people celebrate festivals a bit extravagantly and that becomes an issue. But otherwise festival is great break for all adults, elderly and child.
There are no schools for children, no office for adults and elderly get to meet all the family members on certain festivals. The norm of celebrating festival is directly related to culture. Types of festival and the way you celebrate it differs from culture to culture.
Many ethnic groups have different festivals to celebrate and even festivals differ as per geographical regions. While many festivals are exclusive to some caste group and geographical region, many festivals are celebrated everywhere by Nepalese.
Let’s discuss about our festivals in the article today. Here is list of my favorite festivals.
Dashain is one of the biggest and important festivals in Nepal celebrated by Hindu people. The first day of Dashain is Ghatasthapana. On this day people keep Jamara which consist of different grains and do puja of temp up to 10 days.7th day is called as Fulpati.
In this day, there is a trend of entering Fulpati to our home as there is the trend of bringing Fulpati from Gorkha durbar and enter it to the Kathmandu durbar. 8th day is called as Astami, in this day there is a religion of sacrifice animals and offer it to goddess Durga and there is trend of worshipping our each and every weapon we had in our homes. 9th day is called as Nawami.
In this day, people do puja of their vehicles. 10th day is known as Bijaya Dashami, in this day people put tika from their seniors, they visit their different relatives in order to put tika and get blessings.
There is a belief that the blessings given from our elder come true. and this tika remains for 5/6 days and the last day of Dashain is Kojagatra Purnima, in this day people flow all the remaining Jamara in rivers. likewise these Dashain gets ended.
Dashain also known as Bada Dashain in Nepali is the national festival of Nepal celebrated for 15 days long. It is the longest and one of the most auspicious festivals in the Nepalese calendar. It falls in September or November every year. Among the 15 days, the most important days are first, seventh, eighth, ninth and tenth.
Dashain is the symbol of victory of good over evil. It is especially celebrated as the day when God Ram killed the demon Ravan as per Ramayan. On this festival, all the school, colleges, institutions, government offices will be closed. All the relatives member who is busy in their work life will get time to get together with the family. People will take the blessing from the elders.
Dashain is the biggest festival in Nepal. And that too is celebrated by almost all Nepalese all over the world. It is festival of blessing, it is celebration of relations and their beauty. People celebrate it by consuming delicious food item specially mutton meat and receiving blessings from elders.
Why is Dashain celebrated
This festival is also celebrated for more than 10 days. Every office and every educational institute remains closed during Dashain. Everyone gets holiday. On the main day of Dashain ie Tika People receive tika and blessings from elders. This day is more significant for children because they get money as Dakshina with the blessings. People receive tika from family members, relatives and all the respected personalities.
In that period, people meet their relatives, friends and spend time with each other. They just get together. Certain games are also exclusive to Dashain like playing the swing. People together make a special kind of swing in each locality with bamboo and ropes. People together fly kites and play cards. Basically it is time when people just celebrate relationships and their values. People meet each other and forget their daily chores during festivals. They refresh you and gives you break from routine life.
Things not to do in Dashain
Dashain is very near. There are something that you should not do in Dashain festival. Please make sure you do not do these things in Dashain, else you will regret later.
When celebration comes drinking is must. People can’t stop to get wasted as liquor is so called the main source of enjoyment. Where it’s all fun and good people over abuse the liquor creating a chaos. Not only the toxic people will create unpleasant environment but also can be prone to drink and drive accidents and other accidents. As they say the most sales of liquor are said to be on Dashain so is the most admitted patients in emergency. So everybody let’s all have a blast and best to stay safe and make everybody happy.
Shopping!! Well honestly my favorite part. I bet it’s not just mine because the shopping centers, roads and market gets so crowded that it’s hard to walk without bumping into anyone. When the shopping starts it’s so hard to stop because of the overwhelming varieties and huge discounts and sales everywhere. Trust me it’s so easy to spend money that you’ll be out of our budget just with a blink of an eye. So I recommend to make a list prior and only get what you need and limit your budget and amount you buy so that you’ll not feel salty and stressed in Dashain over the money you spent.
This is a tradition that has passed down through our ancestors and well there are not much good things that I’ve heard about it. It’s either go big or go home. Either you hit the jackpot or lose everything. And the egoistic victims mostly toxicities will be willing to keep just anything on bet. Playing cards is a great way to bond and spend time and have fun but it just goes to such extend that people will lose huge amount of money not even go on debts. Let’s just keep it fun and good and the bets should either be nothing at all but in order to spice it up and make it competitive, the least amount of bet is advised. But I suggest not to involve in any of gambling, save your money and yourself.
Security and safety
This festival is the perfect excuse to bond, go for vacations, meet relatives and also we all have that one relatives that we only meet once a year and this is that occasion. Well people are always on their toe having to visit so many places for tika and it’s so overwhelming. It is a tradition and tika is very important culture so no member in family misses it. Also perfect excuse for robbers to break in when you have so many cash, golds and other expensive stuff laying around the house. It’s a jackpot.
So everybody try to have someone stay while you’re gone, invest in good locks and security and hide your important valuable belongings and also pet are awesome I love dogs and they will save your day when you’re gone. So how about thinking to have an additional furry member in your household for this only reason?
Why do every time Dashain comes I end up gaining weight and it leaves me salty as al of my hard work on losing weight and being healthy. All those workouts goes in shame. All because it’s literally feast every day for like 10days. This is very unhealthy for the amount of calories intake and can result to many diseases so please everyone, even though it’s really hard and seems almost impossible try to be on check for what you’re consuming and try skipping meals if you’re really not hungry.
So here are thing that you should not do, and if you do it try to be in charge n take control. Have fun and have safe Dashain.
Tihar is the 2nd important festivals in Nepal celebrated by Hindu people. this festival is celebrated with the belief of bringing joys and lightning in the house or to pray for a longer age of brothers and sisters. The first day of Tihar is kaag Tihar. In this day people worship crow as god and feed them something to eat.
2nd day is called as kukur tihar. In this day people worship dog as a god worship them put tika and feed them food to eat.
3rd day is laxmi puja. In this day people worship goddess laxmi, god of wealth, with the belief of welcoming wealth towards home people keep their houses clean and tidy make home lightening with lights and worship the goddess Laxmi at mid-night people from different places come to play bhailo etc.
4th day is Goru Tihar or maha puja. In this day people worship ox as the god and in the Newar community people worship themselves called maha puja. and the last day is called bhai-tika in this day sisters worship their brothers or they worship for a long age of their brothers, put tika to them feed them different delicious food. In this way, the tihar ends.
Another importance festival in Nepal is Bhai Tika also known as Tihar or Deepawali. On this festival, men visit the house of their sister to get the blessing from them. They put on tika on their forehead and give gifts to their sister according to their ability. In addition, sister serves a grand meal to the brothers.
This festival is celebrated for 5 days. On this festival, different animals like crow, cow, ox, dog are worshiped. On the third and fourth day, Deusi and Bhailo are played during which group of people sing Deusi songs.
Tihar is celebrated by Nepalese all over the world. It is second greatest festival in Nepal and most favorite festival of many Nepalese. Tihar is festival of lights, festival that denotes the end of darkness with lights. These festival is more special because it celebrates different animals and our relationship with them. And also it celebrates relationship of brother and sister.
During tihar every house is clean and people decorate it with flowers, lights and diyo. There is light everywhere and in every house. People play deusi vailo during the night. They visit different houses dancing and singing typical deusi vailo songs. And in return they get money, food items,fruits from the house owner. That is the beauty of Nepali culture and festivals. Because of all this reasons, Tihar is definitely my favorite festival.
Celebration of Animals and human relationship
Tihar is celebrated for 5 days. In each day, we worship different animals and gods. At the last day we celebrate Bhaitika which is celebration for brother and sister relationship. In the first day we worship crow, we feed it and offer garland to it early in the morning.
Crow is considered as messenger of the god of death. We worship crow and belief that our after life will be peaceful and any obstacle free. Then the other day we celebrate Kukur tihar. We offer food to Kukur and the best thing this day is that even the street doggies are fed and treated well that day.
It is an appreciation of dog for all it does throughout the year for mankind. The next day is for worshiping goddess laxmi. Laxmi is worshipped for prosperity and wealth. The same day cow is worshiped as cow is one of the source of income for people. Cow is worshipped for everything she gives.
The other day there is Govardan Puja. Govardan is a mountain that saved people from calamities in the mahabharat period. People make a representation of that mountain and worship it. Then there is final day is for brothers and sisters. In this day sister put Bhaitika on brother’s forehead and pray for their long life. There are many rituals that have different meanings. Basically, sister pray for long life of brother and brother promise to take care of their sister forever.
Loshar is one of the festivals in Nepal celebrated by Buddhist people or gurung, magar, Rai, Limbu, tamang, etc and so on it is the festivals mainly celebrated by people of mountain regions. It is one of the biggest festivals for those people who celebrate it like dashain to hindu people. Loshar is celebrated as a new year and mainly falls in the month of February.
The different types of loshar are Gyalpo loshar, tola loshar, sonam loshar among them gyalpo loshar is main among all which is produced by Manjushree. Gurung celebrates loshar in 15th poush, 15th magh by tamang, and 15th falgun by sherpas. In the eve of loshar, the lama(priest) chant the holy book of Buddhist at every Buddhist home.
In loshar, many stupas and monasteries are decorated with prayer flags and people perform their cultural ancesto welcome new year, the family member says happy new year salute Buddha and burn scented sticks as part of rituals. In this way, the loshar ends.
Christmas is one of the festivals in Nepal celebrated by Christian people. It is celebrated as the birthday of the lord Jesus Christ. It is usually celebrated on December 25. It is also new year beginning for the Christian people. It is one of the western culture but is celebrating in Nepal too. In this day the family member gives a gift to each other of the family member or also gift is provided to the children by santa clause. In this day people went to church and worship Jesus Christ as their god they thank him for giving prosperous life to them. In this day they organize different programs, share sorrow happiness with each other, family get-together and so on.
Eid is one of the festivals in Nepal celebrated by Muslim religious people. In this day the people went to different masjids to worship their god Muhammad prophet also called Allah. EID is also called as EID al-fitr and Eid al-Adha. This is the tradition started or founded by Muhammad prophet. It is observed on the first date of a month of shawwal at the end of a month of Ramadan during which mMuslimsundergo aperiod of fasting in which the whole family member take fasting without drinking a single drop of water from sunrise till to sunsets. After the sun sets the family gets together and they eat food and celebrate.
Janai purnima is one of the festivals in Nepal celebrated by hindu people. It is also called as rakshya bandhan. It mainly falls in months of bhadra. In this day people went to priest and take blessing and wear doro a thread as a belief of being safe from differnent bad things happening. In this day the sisters put rakhi to their brothers with the belief of protecting them from bad deeds.
In this day people call their relatives at home to feed them. in this day a special food is made in everyone’s home called as kawati whisch is the mixture of different pulses. The relatives sit together bring happiness and joys in home.
Janai Purnima is known as Rkshyabandan in Nepal. This festival is celebrated in the full moon day of Shrawan every year. It is mostly celebrated by Hindus and as well as Buddhist. On this day, people visit the nearby temples and Brahman priests offer an ornamental thread.
On this day, Gosaikunda is the favourite place to visit where people bath in the sacred lake where it is believed that all the sins will be the washed out. Especially, Brahmins change their sacred threads while people of other castes put the rahkshya on their hand through priest.
Krishna Astami is one of the festivals in Nepal which is celebrated as the birthday of lord Krishna.It mainly falls in the Shrawan and bhadra month. In this day people went to different Krishna mandir to worship god Krishna, lord Krishna is known as the cleverest god who used to defeat his enemy by his clever mind.
Due to different reason or belief, people celebrate Krishna astami. In this day, people take fasting and made the different varieties of food which are believe to be lord Krishna’s favourite as a Prasad.
Teej is one the biggest festivals in Nepal and especially for hindu women. It mainly falls in the month of bhadra. In this day the women take fasting for the longer age and good wealth of their husband and their children by married women and with a belief to get the better husband by an unmarried girl. In this festival, the girls wear beautiful dresses ornaments makeups and so and sing dance whole day.
They also paint their hand with Mehandi designs. The first day, girl have a tradition of having dar before the day of fasting at midnight and in the second day, they will have a fasting. In the fasting day, they even don’t drink the drop of water. In the third day, they take rest and in last day there is a tradition of going to the river to take bath. There is belief that by doing these all our bad deed will be washed away. In this way, the Teej ends.
Maghe sankrati is one of the festivals in Nepal that falls on the month of Magh it is usually celebrated in Magh 1. In this day people eat a special kind of food called Gheeu chakku tilaura and tarul. The relatives are invited to the home and enjoy. It is one of the festivals in Nepal to have a get-together of relatives.
The first day of the Magh month is celebrated as Maghe Sankranti. It falls in the month of January according to English calendar. On this day, the sun leaves its southernmost position and takes off for the northward journey.
On this festival, people take the holy bathing and eat the auspicious food slike sweet potato, laddu, ghee, Chhaku which is believed to provide the strength to overcome the cold season. According to the mythological story, on this day King Bhisma who have power to control his own death choose to die. So, it is believed that dying on this day will achieve the mokshya.
Maghi parva is another festival that welcomes a new season. We celebrate Maghi in Magh remarking the near end of winter. People eat typical food including Gheu Chakku, Tilauri, Sel Roti, Boiled yams and so on. Tharu in Terai Region celebrate Maghi in much more grand way. While in Hilly area, People celebrate the festival for one day with some typical food items. The celebration in Terai can last for days and with many rituals.
These were some of the festivals Nepali celebrate with great enthusiasm. All these festivals have different significance and meaning. They are a great getaway from routine life, a great time to celebrate relationships and this beautiful life.
Yomari Purnima is one the festivals in Nepal celebrated by Newari community. Newari people celebrate many such kinds of festivals bhooj and so on.
This is one the festivals in which they call their relative at home made a delicious food and feed them. They made a special kind of food called Yomari on that day which is made from the maida pitho, khuwa, and chakku. They celebrate the whole day by enjoying eating and so on.
As we know Nepal is multicultural and secular country, so there are many religious found around our community celebrating their own festivals, following own rituals and so on.
Chath is the main festival especially in Terai and Mithila region of Nepal. It is celebrated by the Tharus, Maithilis and Madhesi ethnic groups in all major parts of Nepal. In recent days, it is even being celebrated gradually by the people of Hilly and Himalayan region. On this festival, devotees dedicate themselves for the Sun, which is called Suya in Nepali. The sun is considered as the god of energy who promote well-being, prosperity and success in human life. On this festival, devotees perform holy bathing, fasting and abstaining from drinking water.
Holi is on of the most entertaining and most well-celebrated festival in Nepal. It is famously known as Faghu Purnima, the festival of colors. On this day, people celebrate this festival by offering colors and water to each other. This festival is celebrated as the thanksgiving for good harvest, a victory of good over bad, start of the spring and end of winter. This festival is celebrated as the day when Holika, sister of the demon king, Hiranyakashipu was killed in the fire while the Prahlad, the devotee of God Bishnu was alive.
Nepali people celebrate many festivals to welcome new seasons. Holi is one of them. It is the festival that welcomes early summer after the end of winter. Holi is festival of colors.
Nepali celebrate Holi in the month of Falgun and it has great significance. People put colors on the ones they love and splash water on them. This is just a gesture welcoming the summer. People get together and put color and water on each other.
These days, people often take advantage of this festival and trouble the pedestrians while this is illegal in Nepal. You can only play with someone with their consent. We often hear cases where people hurt others because of this silly mischief. Local authority has been more strict in this issue thus people now play in more civilized manner.
Buddha Jayanti, the day when Lord Gautam Buddha was born is one of the important festivals, especially for Nepalese Buddhist. This day is celebrated in the remembrance of Gautam Buddha. It falls on the full moon night of either May or June. The government Nepal has given public holiday on this day. People visit the nearby Buddhist temple to worship the Lord Buddha. Different ritual puja is organized as per Buddhist norms and rituals with chanting mantras.
One of the most well-celebrated festivals for the Nepalese women is Teej. This is the festival of women where unmarried women worship Lord Shiva for getting the good husband like him and the married women pray for the long and prosperous life of their husband. On this day, they visit the nearby temple of Lord Shiva, do fasting, sing the songs and dance in groups. Especially, Pashupatinath temple is the best place to visit on this day as it is believed that Lord Shiva will reside on this temple and fulfill the devotees pray. Nepalese women paint their hands with Mehandi. Look some best Mehandi designs.
It is another important Hindu festival in Nepal where Lord Shiva is worshiped by the Hindus. It falls in between February and March month of English calender. On this many Hindu devotees visit the Pashupatinath temple to worship Lord Shiva. Even the people from India, Bangladesh will come to visit this temple on this day. On this day, it is believed that worshipping the Lord Shiva will help to get prosperous in life. It is one of the greatest Hindu festival. There will be the public holiday. This festival is celebrated by taking Bhang, Dhaturo which is the favourite of Lord Shiva.
Another important festival of Nepal is Sripanchami which is also called Saraswoti Puja. Saraswoti is regarded as the goddess of education. So, on this day it is believed that whoever start their education is supposed to gain good educational background. Many schools open free admission on this day. This festival is celebrated by offering special puja to Goddess Saraswoti. In addition, schools or colleges organize different programs where students can show their talent. This festival falls in the month of Magh or Falgun.
Tell us in the comment section, Which is your favorite festival?