Nepal is one the secular and Multi-cultural country, where many festivals are celebrated in the community. People of different religions live in the same community or society sharing their joys, happiness, sorrows etc. as wee as they celebrate different festivals together too. As being a secular country there are people of different religions celebrating different festivals are found. There are many festivals in Nepal which are celebrated with their own value and importance. Some of them are Dashain, Tihar, Teej, chaat, Christmas, Janai Purnima, Maghe sankrati, Id, yomaari Purnima, Loshar, Gode Jatra, Iindra Jatra, Bhoto Jatra, Bisquet Jatra,etc. and so on. Among all, some of them are described below.
Dashain is one of the biggest and important festivals in Nepal celebrated by Hindu people. The first day of Dashain is Ghatasthapana. On this day people keep Jamara which consist of different grains and do puja of temp up to 10 days.7th day is called as Fulpati. In this day, there is a trend of entering Fulpati to our home as there is the trend of bringing Fulpati from Gorkha durbar and enter it to the Kathmandu durbar. 8th day is called as Astami, in this day there is a religion of sacrifice animals and offer it to goddess Durga and there is trend of worshipping our each and every weapon we had in our homes. 9th day is called as Nawami. In this day, people do puja of their vehicles. 10th day is known as Bijaya Dashami, in this day people put tika from their seniors, they visit their different relatives in order to put tika and get blessings. There is a belief that the blessings given from our elder come true. and this tika remains for 5/6 days and the last day of Dashain is Kojagatra Purnima, in this day people flow all the remaining Jamara in rivers. likewise these Dashain gets ended.
Tihar is the 2nd important festivals in Nepal celebrated by Hindu people. this festival is celebrated with the belief of bringing joys and lightning in the house or to pray for a longer age of brothers and sisters. the first day of Tihar is kaag Tihar , in this day people worship crow as god and feed them something to eat, 2nd day is called as kukur tihar, in this day people worship dog as a god worship them put tika and feed them food to eat, 3rd day is laxmi puja , in this day people worship goddess laxmi , god of wealth, with the belief of welcoming wealth towards home people keep their houses clean n tidy make home lightening with lights and worship the goddess Laxmi at mid-night people from different places come to play bhailo etc. 4th day is Goru Tihar or maha puja, in this day people worship ox as the god and in the Newar community people worship themselves called maha puja. and the last day is called bhai-tika in this day sisters worship their brothers or they worship for a long age of their brothers, put tika to them feed them different delicious food. In this way, the tihar ends.
Loshar is one of the festivals in Nepal celebrated by Buddhist people or gurung, magar, Rai, Limbu, tamang, etc and so on it is the festivals mainly celebrated by people of mountain regions. It is one of the biggest Festival for those people who celebrate it like dashain to hindu people. Loshar is celebrated as a new year and mainly falls in the month of February. The different types of loshar are Gyalpo loshar, tola loshar, sonam loshar among them gyalpo loshar is main among all which is produced by Manjushree. Gurung celebrates loshar in 15th poush, 15th magh by tamang, and 15th falgun by sherpas. In the eve of loshar, the lama(priest) chant the holy book of Buddhist at every Buddhist home. In loshar many stupas and monasteries are decorated with prayer flags and people perform their cultural ancesto welcome new year, the family member says happy new year salute Buddha and burn scented sticks as part of rituals. In this way, the loshar ends.
Christmas is one of the festivals in Nepal celebrated by Christian people. It is celebrated as the birthday of the lord Jesus Christ. It is usually celebrated on December 25. It is also new year beginning for the Christian people. It is one of the western culture but is celebrating in Nepal too. In this day the family member gives a gift to each other of the family member or also gift is provided to the children by santa clause. In this day people went to church and worship Jesus Christ as their god they thank him for giving prosperous life to them. In this day they organize different programs, share sorrow happiness with each other, family get-together and so on.
Eid is one of the festivals in Nepal celebrated by Muslim religious people. In this day the people went to different masjids to worship their god Muhammad prophet also called Allah. EID is also called as EID al-fitr and Eid al-Adha. This is the tradition started or founded by Muhammad prophet. It is observed on the first date of a month of shawwal at the end of a month of Ramadan during which mMuslimsundergo aperiod of fasting in which the whole family member take fasting without drinking a single drop of water from sunrise till to sunsets. After the sun sets the family gets together and they eat food and celebrate.
Janai purnima :
Janai purnima is one of the festivals in Nepal celebrated by hindu people. It is also called as rakshya bandhan. It mainly falls in months of bhadra. In this day people went to priest and take blessing and wear doro a thread as a belief of being safe from differnent bad things happening. In this day the sisters put rakhi to their brothers with the belief of protecting them from bad deeds. In this day people call their relatives at home to feed them. in this day a special food is made in everyone’s home called as kawati whisch is the mixture of different pulses. The relatives sit together bring happiness and joys in home.
Krishna Astami is one of the festivals in Nepal which is celebrated as the birthday of lord Krishna.It mainly falls in the Shrawan and bhadra month. In this day people went to different Krishna mandir to worship god Krishna, lord Krishna is known as the cleverest god who used to defeat his enemy by his clever mind. Due different reason or belief people used to celebrate Krishna astami. In this day, people take fasting and made the different varieties of food which are believe to be lord Krishna’s favourite as a Prasad.
Teej is one the biggest festivals in Nepal and especially for hindu women. It mainly falls in the month of bhadra. In this day the women take fasting for the longer age and good wealth of their husband and their children by married women and with a belief to get the better husband by an unmarried girl. In this festival, the girls wear beautiful dresses ornaments makeups and so and sing dance whole day. The first day, girl have a tradition of having dar before the day of fasting at midnight and in the second day, they will have a fasting. In the fasting day, they even don’t drink the drop of water. In the third day, they take rest and in last day there is a tradition of going to the river to take bath. There is belief that by doing these all our bad deed will be washed away. In this way, the Teej ends.
Maghe sankrati is one of the festivals in Nepal that falls on the month of Magh it is usually celebrated in Magh 1. In this day people eat a special kind of food called Gheeu chakku tilaura and tarul. The relatives are invited to the home and enjoy. It is one of the festivals in Nepal to have a get-together of relatives.
Yomari Purnima is one the festivals in Nepal celebrated by Newari community. Newari people celebrate many such kinds of festivals bhooj and so on. This is one the festival in which they call their relative at home made a delicious food and feed them. They made a special kind of food called Yomari on that day which is made from the maida pitho, khuwa, and chakku. They celebrate the whole day by enjoying eating and so on.
As we know Nepal is multicultural and secular country, so there are many religious found around our community celebrating their own festivals, following own rituals and so on.