Nepal is a country with more than fifty percent of its land covered by villages. It is in the phase of development and thus there are only a few cities in Nepal. However, it has been undergoing rapid urbanization. Cities are becoming more populated and developed every year. Therefore, this article lists the name of the five most developed cities in Nepal.

most developed cities in Nepal


Kathmandu is undoubtedly the most developed city in the country. The capital of the country is most developed in terms of infrastructure, education, communication, electricity, and so on. As of the latest census, the population of the country is around one million. Kathmandu is known as the city of dreams, people from all over the country come to Kathmandu in search of opportunities, better education and job facility, and so on.

This has made Kathmandu very populated and polluted as well. The climate of Kathmandu is also very good, this is also one of the reasons why many people prefer to live in Kathmandu. It has a very mild climate not very hot nor very cold.

The availability of many colleges and schools in Kathmandu is one reason that makes it so populated. It is an education hub for students all over the country. The capital of the country is the most developed city in the country. It is part of province number three. Kathmandu is also known as the city of temples. It is home to the Newar community but now being the capital of the country, people of all ethnic groups reside in Kathmandu.


Pokhara is another most developed city in Nepal. It lies in the Gandaki Pradesh of Nepal and is a metropolitan city. Pokhara is the second-largest city in Nepal it is home to a number of Gurungs and elite Gurkha soldiers. These Elites are one of the reasons behind the development of Pokhara. Pokhara is also the tourism hub of the country. It is the city that welcomes the most number of tourists every year.

Not just in Nepal, Pokhara is one of the best cities for tourism in South Asia itself. Tourism is the major source of income for people there. With two five stars hotels and more than four hundred hotels including three stars, two stars, and some nonstar hotels, the city is the best place for not just international but domestic tourists as well. Pokhara is the base for trekkers wishing to walk the Annapurna Circuit.

Pokhara is a clean beautiful city with flourishing tourism business. The beautiful climate and typical cute stone houses are the symbols of Pokhara. Pokhara is also the headquarters of the Kaski District. Situated around 120 miles west of Kathmandu, Pokhara is well developed in terms of infrastructure. The city is surrounded by The Annapurna Range Dhaulagiri, Annapurna I, and Manaslu.


Dharan is another name on this list. It was declared Sub metropolitan along with Butwal in 2017. It lies in Sunsari District and on the foothills of the Mahabharat range.

The city serves as a trading post between the hilly region and the plains of the Terai region of Nepal so the climate here is mild and subtle. With good hospitals and institutes including B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan is very forward in terms of education and health. It is inhibited by Limbus, Gurungs, and elites Gurkha Soldiers. Their residence has contributed a lot to the development of the city.

As I mentioned earlier as well, Dharan is very well developed in terms of education. With five public colleges and universities, several private colleges, and more than 40 public and private secondary schools it has the best to offer. Along with BPKIHS, the Central Campus of Technology (also known as Hattisar Campus) offers Food Technology and Nutrition & Dietetics programs situated in Dharan.

As of the census of 2011, the population of Dharan is 119915. It is the central hub for people living in the Sunsari district. Dharan is also well known as a football player-producing city in the country as many successful football players of Nepal come from this city. Kirat, Rai, Limbu, Khaas, and Gurung inhibit this region primarily and other minority groups as in Magar, Gurung. Tamang, Dalit live in the city. It has a total area of 193 square kilometers area with a population density of 734 per kilometer square. Dharan ranks as the third most developed city in Nepal after Kathmandu and Pokhara.


Butwal is one of the rapidly urbanizing and developing cities of Nepal. It was recently declared the headquarter of province number five. Butwal lies in the Rupandehi district and Lumbini zone.

Butwal at a Glance

Butwal also serves as the administrative headquarter for the Lumbini zone. It got its name from Batauli Bazaar, one of the oldest residential areas of the city. It was declared sub-metropolitan in 2020. As of 2011, the population of Butwal district is 120982. It has a total area of 118462 square kilometers and a population density of eighty people per square kilometer. It lies at the intersection of two different National Highways, Mahendra Highway and Siddhartha Highway, and has a very well-developed infrastructure.

Butwal is fast growing in terms of education, infrastructure, health, and so on. Butwal is also very well known as it is the cleanest city. It has received the title of the best city in Nepal five times in a row. The infrastructural development of the city is quite remarkable and in past few years, it has been developing at the fastest rate.


Biratnagar lies in the Terai region of the country. Being close to India, many of its economic activities are influenced by India. Infrastructures in this city are quite developed as well. Agriculture and industries are the major contributors to the economy. Many industries are located in Biratnagar since it has a well-developed infrastructure. Biratnagar lies in province number 1 of Nepal and is the second-most populous city in the country. As of the latest census, it has a population of 240,000.

Being located in the Terai region, Biratnagar is quite hot and the climate is not very favorable. Despite this, Biratnagar is one of the most developed cities in Nepal. It has good schools, colleges, and hospitals as well. Biratnagar has always been very ahead.

It is the city of Biratnagar Jute Mills, the first large-scale industry in Nepal. Many prime ministers of Nepal also come from Biratnagar. Biratnagar has always remained very active in Politics. Biratnagar was recently declared a metropolitan on May 22, 2020.