Nepal was declared as a federal democratic republic of Nepal on December 28, 2007. After that, the government of Nepal has declared its national symbols. Here are the brief descriptions of national symbols of Nepal:

  1. Bird


Lophophorus is declared as the national bird of Nepal. It is famously known as Daanfe in Nepal. It is also called Himalayan Munal. It is basically found in the altitudes between 2400 and 4500 meters in Nepal.

  1. Emblem

National Emblem of Nepal

A new emblem was introduced on 30 December 2016. It contains a national flag, Mount Everest, green hills that represent hilly region, yellow color that symbolizes the fertile land of terai, a joining hand of male and female for the symbol of gender equity, a map of Nepal and the garland of Rhododendron flower.

  1. Flag

National flag of Nepal

The national flag of Nepal is only the flag with a triangular shape in the world. It is made by the combination of two single pennons. The red color represents the national flower of the country and the blue color represents the peace. The sun and the moon represent that Nepal will remain until the sun and the moon exist.

  1. Dress

Daura Suruwal and Gunyo Cholo

Daura Suruwal is the national dress of Nepal. It is worn by my males in the special occasion with Dhaka topi. It is mostly worn by the people of rural areas. However, it is being popular in urban areas too.

  1. National anthem

National anthem of Nepal has been changed after Nepal has been declared federal democratic republic of Nepal. It is written by Pradeep Kumar Rai, entitled as Byakul Maila.

सयौं थुँगा फूलका हामी, एउटै माला नेपाली

सार्वभौम भई फैलिएका, मेची-माहाकाली।(2)

प्रकृतिका कोटी-कोटी सम्पदाको आंचल

वीरहरूका रगतले, स्वतन्त्र र अटल।

ज्ञानभूमि, शान्तिभूमि तराई, पहाड, हिमाल

अखण्ड यो प्यारो हाम्रो मातृभूमि नेपाल।

बहुल जाति, भाषा, धर्म, संस्कृति छन् विशाल

अग्रगामी राष्ट्र हाम्रो, जय जय नेपाल।


English translation
Woven from hundreds of flowers, we are one garland that’s Nepali

Spread sovereign from Mechi to Mahakali

A playground for nature’s wealth unending

Out of the sacrifice of our braves, a nation free and unyielding

A land of knowledge, of peace, the plains, hills, and mountains tall

Indivisible, this beloved land of ours, our motherland Nepal

Of many races, languages, religions, and cultures of incredible sprawl

This progressive nation of ours, all hail Nepal

6. Animal


National animal of Nepal

A cow is the national animal of Nepal. So, killing cows are banned in Nepal. If anyone found will be punished under the law of government of Nepal. Most of the Nepalese in Hilly and Terai region raised cow as a domestic animal for milk and other dairy products.

  1. Flower


Rhododendron is the national flower of Nepal. In Nepal, it is famous by name Lali Gurans. More than 30 different species of Rhododendron are available in Nepal. They are found at the altitude in between 2000 and 4000 m.

  1. Language

Nepali alphabhets

Nepali is the national language of Nepal. It is the most spoken language in Nepal. It is even spoken in different parts of India and Bhutan.

  1. Colour


Crimson is the national color of Nepal. It Is a strong, bright, deep reddish purple color.